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Projecttitle:
Approaches for further development of public finances
Project description:

The project „Approaches for further development of public finances” addresses the question of how fiscal policy can be leveraged to improve the policy framework for sustainable economic activity. One aspect of this framework concerns the political shaping of energy prices. Numerous exemptions from taxes, levies and fees reduce energy prices, particularly those faced by manufacturing industry. Lower energy prices reduce incentives for energy efficiency as well as prices for energy intensively manufactured products. A second work package takes a look at environmentally harmful subsidies. Among others reform proposals for taxes and subsidies in transport are simulated with the model PANTA RHEI.

Duration:
2013
2016
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Projecttitle:
Energiewende and international aspects – opportunities and challenges for German politics and industry
Project description:

The project in cooperation with adelphi Research looked at international aspects of the German Energiewende. GWS has focused on analyzing global value chains in renewable energy technologies and identified opportunities and challenges in international trade for the German industry. Different scenarios have been analyzed with the economy-energy-environment model GINFORS_E. Results show how different developments will influence value added and production through deployment of renewable energy sources.

Duration:
2013
2016
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Projecttitle:
Private Haushalte als Schlüsselakteure einer Transformation des Energiesystems: Empfehlungen für eine sozial-ökologisch orientierte Förderpolitik. Teilvorhaben 3: Gesamtwirtschaftliche Modellierung
Project description:

Im Forschungsprojekt werden in Zusammenarbeit mit dem Institute for Future Energy Consumer Needs and Behavior (FCN) der RWTH Aachen und dem Institut für ökologische Wirtschaftsforschung (IÖW) die Rolle, Funktion und die sozial-ökologischen Potenziale privater Haushalte für eine dezentrale Energiewende untersucht. Zentrales Ziel ist es, aufzuzeigen, in welchen neueren technischen und marktbezogenen Entwicklungen private Haushalte potenziell eine wichtige Rolle für das Energiesystem spielen können. Darüber hinaus sollen die Wechselwirkungen zwischen den verschiedenen energierelevanten Themen und ihren Auswirkungen auf das Verhalten der Haushalte analysiert werden. Die GWS ist innerhalb des Projektes hauptverantwortlich für die Erweiterung bzw. Präzisierung des makroökonometrischen Modells PANTA RHEI, das zur Erfassung der Haushalte als "Prosumer" um unterschiedliche Haushaltstypen erweitert wird. Die Projektlaufzeit endet im März 2016.

Duration:
2013
2016
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Projecttitle:
Sustainable Economic Development
Project description:

The aim of this project is to develop a manual for practitioners to guide them in conducting ex-ante impact assessment studies.  The manual describes the procedural and analytical steps necessary to perform impact assessments and introduces and describes different macroeconomic models that exist to carry out policy impact assessments and forecasting.

Duration:
2015
2015
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Projecttitle:
Employment Impacts of energy efficiency measure implementation in Israel (MED-ENEC)
Project description:

Increasing energy efficiency leads to additional demand for construction, renovation and modernization work. These are positive economic incentives, if the services are provided and produced domestically. In this project, the employment effects of such energy efficiency measures for Israel were estimated. Decisive are the national energy efficiency plans as well as further energy efficiency plans and measures. As a result of COP21, the government added to the budget for measures to support energy efficiency significantly. The estimate of the impact on employment is based on economic estimates, relating to statistical data (input-output tables and national accounts). Overall, more than 5,500 people found employment after the initial efficiency plan and nearly 9000 by the new plans.

Duration:
2015
2015
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Projecttitle:
Competitiveness and energy costs of industry in international comparison
Project description:

The aim of the project for the German Ministry of Economic Affairs and Energy is to assess the impacts of electricity price exemptions for electricity intensive industries such as chemicals, iron and steel, aluminium, copper, paper and textiles.
The global model GINFORS-E – that comprises the economy at a detailed industry level, energy balance and energy prices – is used to model the economic interactions between European and Non-European countries. The impacts of higher energy costs can be analysed on GDP, employment and foreign trade by country.
Four scenarios are developed: A referenced ex-post (2007–2013) scenario shows the actual, historical development including exemptions from the EEG surcharge for energy-intensive industries. This scenario is compared to a Counter-Factual ex-post scenario without exemptions. Additionally, two ex-ante (from 2014 on) scenarios are compared. One of them includes the German EEG amendment with exemptions for energy-intensive industry, the other scenario not.
All analyses at the different levels lead to the same result: existing exemptions for energy-intensive companies support the competitiveness of the industry and have positive macroeconomic effects.

Duration:
2014
2015
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Projecttitle:
Sektorale ökonomische Modellierung zur Integration in eine regionale Erdsystem-Modellierung – CSC Sektorale Modellierung
Project description:

Die Beratung von Entscheidungsträgern beim Thema Klimawandel bedarf aufgrund der unterschiedlichen Betroffenheiten der Regionen in Deutschland Informationen auf regionaler und lokaler Ebene. Ziel des Projektes war die Analyse einer möglichen Integration von regionalen Erdsystemmodellen und sozioökonomischen Modellen mit dem Fokus auf Deutschland und seine Regionen. Die GWS analysierte in diesem Rahmen die Wirkung von Klimawandel und Klimaanpassung auf nationaler Ebene (für die Pilotbereiche Energie, Gesundheit und Tourismus) wie auch auf regionaler Ebene.

Duration:
2014
2015
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Projecttitle:
Impact Assessment of the climate protection plan in North-Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Project description:

The federal state North-Rhine-Westphalia, the most populated in Germany, is currently developing a climate protection plan. Wuppertal Institute has developed the physical framework in a participative framework together with working groups of the most relevant stakeholders (industry, transport, households and utility companies). The impact assessment evaluates impacts of the climate protection strategies on energy security, the environment, social aspects and the economy. A particular focus lies on the evaluation of employment effects. GWS contributes economic modelling results regarding the overall economic effects and employment effects by economic sector.

Duration:
2014
2015
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Projecttitle:
Consumption-based approaches to climate mitigation: data collection, measurement methods and model analysis
Project description:

Directorate General Climate Action of the European Commission (DG CLIMA) commissioned Ricardo-AEA Ltd (Ricardo-AEA) and Gesellschaft für Wirtschaftliche Strukturforschung (GWS) to develop and investigate the use of consumption-based emissions accounting methodologies for policy assessment. Global warming impacts (in kg or tonnes of CO2eq) are measured on a territorial basis. A complementary approach is to assign emissions to goods, so that the emissions travel with them as they are traded globally. The emissions are then allocated to the country in which the goods are consumed. Consumption-based emissions can be estimated in two distinctly different ways. A life-cycle assessment (LCA) reveals the environmental impacts of a product at each stage of its life-cycle (bottom-up). In contrast, a top-down assessment starts with a Multi-Regional Input-Output (MRIO) model, in this case GWS’s Global Resources Accounting Model, GRAM. In terms of which technique is better for quantifying consumption-based emissions, we found that the answer is policy-specific. Approaches are rather complementary. The MRIO approach allows for allocating territorial emissions to final consumption at an aggregated industry level. Principal Policy Conclusions: Some of the increasing consumption in the EU was satisfied by production located in non-EU regions. The rise of the "emerging economies" producing for satisfying the new EU demand therefore explains why "consumption based" approaches estimate an increase in the emissions related to EU consumption. Overall, and most importantly, global mitigation action is the key to reduce consumption-based emissions.

Duration:
2012
2015
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Projecttitle:
Beschäftigungschancen auf dem Weg zu einer Green Economy – szenarienbasierte Analyse von (Netto-)Beschäftigungswirkungen
Project description:

Bisherige Studien zu Teilmärkten der Green Economy und zu einzelnen umweltpolitischen Maßnahmen zeichnen ein eher positives Bild der Beschäftigungschancen. Umfangreichere Analysen, die auch die Gewinner und Verlierer einer Maßnahme unter Berücksichtigung regionaler und sektoraler Wirkungen untersuchen, liegen aktuell nicht vor. Gerade in einem schnellwachsenden Wirtschaftsbereich müssen jedoch derartige Analysen regelmäßig und zügig den neuen Kostenstrukturen und Veränderungen auf den Weltmärkten angepasst werden. Wenig untersucht ist bisher auch die Frage, welche Beschäftigungschancen in Deutschland sich aus den weltweiten Anstrengungen zur Verbesserung des Umwelt- und Klimaschutzes ergeben. Hier gilt es die weltweiten Entwicklungen auf den Zukunftsmärkten für „grüne“ Produkte zu beleuchten und unterschiedliche Szenarien für die Exportchancen deutscher Anbieter zu entwickeln.

Duration:
2012
2015
Details