The impact of the German policy mix on technological and structural change in renewable power generat
GRETCHEN investigates the impact of climate, renewable energy and innovation policies (the "policy mix") on technological and structural change in renewable power generation technologies. GRETCHEN uses an innovative research design based on three pillars: the combination of environmental and innovation economics, a multi-method approach and an integrated analysis on three empirical levels. These three are: a micro-level, which examines the influence of the policy mix on company-internal invention, innovation and diffusion; a meso level, which addresses the impacts on innovation networks and market structures; and a macro level, which derives macroeconomic statements by endogenizing technological change. The project results and the derived policy recommendations for designing the policy mix are addressed to decision-makers from academia, politics and industry.
GWSs contribution to GRETCHEN is the analysis of the impacts of the policy mix on technological change, welfare (economic development and employment), trade and structural change using the global macroeconomic, input-output model GINFORS. This requires the following steps:
- 1. Identify the effects of the policy mix on innovation and hence on technological change.
- 2. Quantify the effects of technological change on the model parameters and variables.
- 3. Analyze the resulting effects on the economy.
The first step will be based on the results of the analyses in work packages 1, 2 and 3, where the policy mix is defined and the effects on the micro and meso levels are analyzed. For the second step, GINFORS will be extended to include endogenous technological change. The renewable power generation sector has to be modeled in more detail, the industrial sectors that are part of the supply chain of renewable power generation technologies have to be identified and the effects of the changing technology have to be endogenized. The subsequent policy scenario analysis of step three will indicate the possible effects of the policy mix on welfare, trade and structural change.
New reports or discussion paper, ongoing projects and the latest developments – find out about GWS news here
Our figure of the month 08/2022: A development against the trend: growth in the number of apprentices for the occupation of plant mechanic for sanitary, heating, and air-conditioning technology in the last decade
Both the German government's heat pump offensive and the sharp rise in energy prices due to Russia's war against Ukraine are currently boosting demand for heat pumps and solar thermal systems…
Our figure of the month 05/2022: Strong increase in timber prices due to rising global demand, supply bottlenecks and trade embargoes
Forestry and sawmills benefit
After both raw wood prices and industrial producer prices for wood in Germany stagnated for years or declined from mid-2018 to the end of 2020, they have since…