Macroeconomic effects of the energy transition in the federal states
Previous studies come to the conclusion that the energy system transformation is accompanied by positive macroeconomic effects. But how are these effects distributed among the federal states and are there major regional differences? In order to answer this question, macroeconomic effects were analysed and evaluated on the basis of national scenarios with the model group PANTA RHEI-LÄNDER. The scenario comparison shows positive effects on value added and employment in all federal states, but at different levels.
Structural differences in different dimensions over time are opposed with changing effects at the national level. Structurally weak territorial states with a high share of renewable energies are characterised by stronger positive effects, while city states show slightly less positive effects.
The study is part of the BMWi project and can be downloaded here.