The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) publishes estimations of global employment linked to the installation, usage, and manufacturing of renewable energy as part of its annual report "Renewable Energy and Jobs - Annual Review". Since 2016 GWS supports this study by contributing evaluations of employment linked to hydro power. Based on internationally established approaches, global employment from small and large hydro power is being calculated, differentiating individual parts of the value chain as well as individual countries.
The Thuringian Ministry for the Environment, Energy and Nature Conservation (TMUEN) has launched a state initiative on resource conservation and efficiency. One of the first steps in this initiative is the identification of relevant resource flows in Thuringia within the framework of our study. The first step is to identify data availability (and data gaps) in order to then report all relevant resource flows (domestic extraction and imports, consumption of raw materials, exports, charges to the environment, etc.) and their allocation to sectors and industries. Based on the assessement of relevance and actors constellations, recommendations for action for state policy will be derived using stakeholder analyses.
This project builds a global model to quantify short-term effects of climate-fiscal reforms on prices, economic structure, and labour market, including environmental taxation and revenue recycling policies. The modelling framework combines price- and quantity multiregional input-output models based on GTAP with econometrically estimated own and cross-price elasticities of sectors and households as well as substitution elasticities in international trade.
The aim of this research project is to analyse the impacts of target species, climate policy implementation and international cooperation within the framework of the Paris Climate Change Agreement and the currently available national reduction contributions (Nationally determined contributions - NDCs) as well as within the framework of possible and necessary increases in ambition to achieve long-term climate protection goals (1.5°C).
The analyses will focus on international interrelations that are discussed in the context of the European Emissions Trading System under the heading of carbon leakage. By analysing given scenarios with different models (GEM-E3 and GINFORS_E), the project should also provide essential information on the "influencing factor model".
The project will be conducted by GWS together with E3-Modelling and Prof. Andreas Löschel for the German Enviroment Agency until mid 2021.
The political debate on sustainable energy supply is currently narrowing largely to a climate protection at justifiable costs for citizens and industry discussion. With this focus, numerous sustainability aspects such as resource requirements, social acceptance or emissions in the lifecycle of new technologies are ignored which the National Strategy of the Federal Government should bear in mind, striving for a transformation towards a sustainable energy system.
The main objective of the project is therefore the creation of a new generic modeling and evaluation environment for energy scenarios in which the technical-structural development paths of the energy system are analyzed, evaluated and multicriterially optimized on the basis of various economic, societal and environmentally relevant model-based targets.
The economic side of the energy system transformation in Germanyis often discussed in a shortened form along the lines of cost burdens and additional expenses. The transformation of the energy system and the exploitation of the potential for increasing energy efficiency, however, open up additional growth opportunities for suppliers of energy technology goods. The opportunities for all companies involved in energy technology goods and services and exporting - or importing - these goods have so far not been intensively examined and described. In this context, plants for electricity and heat generation from renewable energies and for increasing energy efficiency represent technologically sophisticated products that therefore fit well with the supply profile of German industry. The production of these plants is based on complex domestic and international value chains, so that imports and exports of energy technology goods have an influence on the German economy that has so far been insufficiently quantified. For an exporting nation, this knowledge gap is astonishing and the project is intended to close it both definitively and with data.
The project explores and develops scientific basis for a systemic monitoring and modelling of the bioeconomy (BE) in Germany. The three year project, led by University of Kassel, is sponsored by the German Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). Detailed information can be found here.
The BMBF funded 3-year project focuses on the phenomenon that, despite the fact that significant progress in efficiency was achieved in the past 40 years, the overall consumption of energy and resources did not proportionately reduce. This might be due to macroeconomic rebound effects. But the consumption levels might have been also caused by other determinants of economic growth. Firstly, the project aims at an understanding of the relation between macroeconomic rebound effects and those other determinants of economic growth. It aims moreover to support the theoretical knowledge by statistical estimation of their significance for the energy and resource consumption (System knowledge). The second goal of the project is to develop political measures and instruments which effectively curtail macroeconomic rebound effects and which influence drivers of economic growth, and to examine their environmental and economic consequences (Orientation knowledge). Thirdly, the project aims at a development of politically feasible and rebound-proof instruments for the reduction of resource consumption in a close collaboration with non-scientific stakeholders within a
Policy Innovation Lab (Transformation knowledge).
Within the EU framework of national energy and climate plans (NECP), there is a current need for projections and impact assessments for the further development of the energy system until 2030 and 2050 respectively.
The basis for this will be provided by scenario work, which will be comprehensively evaluated and its consequences for the energy system as well as socio-economic and ecological consequences evaluated. These scenarios will be supplemented by variants and sensitivity calculations and discussed in an extensive consultation process. The project is carried out by a consortium of FhG ISI, GWS and IINAS led by Prognos AG.
An interdisciplinary Prognos team, supported by EconSight, GWS and TwinEconomics, investigated the subject of climate change and climate protection for the Bavarian Business Council for the Future. GWS used the GINFORS-E model to quantify 4 scenarios that illustrate the macroeconomic and sectoral effects of different climate mitigation ambitions. The transformation can take place without negative consequences for the German economy. Positive economic effects are expected, above all, if climate protection is implemented in a globally uniform approach (moreover, the costs of climate change are lowest then).