The political debate on sustainable energy supply is currently narrowing largely to a climate protection at justifiable costs for citizens and industry discussion. With this focus, numerous sustainability aspects such as resource requirements, social acceptance or emissions in the lifecycle of new technologies are ignored which the National Strategy of the Federal Government should bear in mind, striving for a transformation towards a sustainable energy system.
The main objective of the project is therefore the creation of a new generic modeling and evaluation environment for energy scenarios in which the technical-structural development paths of the energy system are analyzed, evaluated and multicriterially optimized on the basis of various economic, societal and environmentally relevant model-based targets.
The project explores and develops scientific basis for a systemic monitoring and modelling of the bioeconomy (BE) in Germany. The three year project, led by University of Kassel, is sponsored by the German Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). Detailed information can be found here.
The project aims at defining climate change impact-chains and low carbon transition pathways in European islands for 2050 and beyond, and analyzing their corresponding macro-economic and non-market consequences for Europe.
Firstly, climate impact projections for islands will be developed. The project will take into account the relationship between CC and biophysical impacts, according to each island’s specificities and vulnerability indicators. Secondly, the assessment of the socio-economic impacts in four key areas of the EU Blue Economy (aquaculture, coastal and maritime tourism, fisheries and maritime transport) will be done.
Finally, the project will rank and map low carbon and adaptation solutions, according to each island´s particularities and CC scenarios.
1. To develop a thorough understanding on how climate change will affect the EU islands, given their specific vulnerability compared to continental Europe.
2. To provide consolidated data and knowledge with a cross-sectorial perspective on the socio-economic costs of different climate change scenarios for 2050 and beyond, for EU islands and the spill-over effects on the EU Blue Economy.
3. To validate a new methodology for the estimation of the economic value of non-market consequences of CC as well as the non-market benefits of climate mitigation and adaptation actions for Europe.
4. To identify and rank the more appropriate low-carbon transition pathways and risk management strategies for each EU Island, according to different climate change scenarios.
5. To deliver, through innovative technological support tools, downscaled recommendations to policy makers and practitioners in order to foster the desired transition.
The BMBF funded 3-year project focuses on the phenomenon that, despite the fact that significant progress in efficiency was achieved in the past 40 years, the overall consumption of energy and resources did not proportionately reduce. This might be due to macroeconomic rebound effects. But the consumption levels might have been also caused by other determinants of economic growth. Firstly, the project aims at an understanding of the relation between macroeconomic rebound effects and those other determinants of economic growth. It aims moreover to support the theoretical knowledge by statistical estimation of their significance for the energy and resource consumption (System knowledge). The second goal of the project is to develop political measures and instruments which effectively curtail macroeconomic rebound effects and which influence drivers of economic growth, and to examine their environmental and economic consequences (Orientation knowledge). Thirdly, the project aims at a development of politically feasible and rebound-proof instruments for the reduction of resource consumption in a close collaboration with non-scientific stakeholders within a
Policy Innovation Lab (Transformation knowledge).
The economic opportunities associated with the development of renewable energy are a strong argument to motivate and support RE deployment. GWS has contributed decisively to method development both in Germany and internationally. Algeria aims to increase RE's share of the electricity mix to 27% and its installed capacity to 37% by 2030. Since 2015, 20 solar parks (photovoltaic) with a total installed capacity of 343 megawatts (MW) have been put into operation. In the period from 2016 to 2020, solar or RE power plants with a total capacity of 4,000 MW are to be built. To estimate the employment effect of this development path in Algeria, the following steps are planned:
1. Estimate of jobs to be created under the RE projects in Algeria until 2030 (gross, net, direct, indirect)
2. Estimation of the contribution to the development of the service sector (SMEs, jobs)
3. Identification of RE technologies to be prioritized from the point of view of job creation
Vulnerability to the effects of climate change has been assessed in a cross-sectoral assessment for the first time for Germany in 2015. Regions and systems have been identified that are particularly exposed to climate change, i.e. which are vulnerable. Data of climate research have been mixed with sectoral and socio-economic data. An update is scheduled for 2021. GWS is developing three socio-economic scenarios as in input on behalf of the Federal Environmental Agency. Firstly, scenarios are quantified on national level with the macroeconomic model PANTA RHEI. In a next step the national modelling is transferred to the level of districts (NUTS 3). Finally, land use data and socio-economic parameters are projected until 2035.
The project analyses renewable energy value chains in Lebanon. Based on a literature review and interviews on the ground, the most important technologies for Lebanon will be selected against the background of future viability, value for money and employment potential and a data-driven value added and employment analysis will be carried out for them.
Firstly, we assess the current state of the energy transition based on statistical analysis in an annual ex-post evaluation. As the energy transition and thus the object of investigation goes far beyond the mere provision of energy, indicators as they already exist in the field of renewable energy are further developed, especially for value added and employment from energy efficiency and electro-mobility. Regionally, positive value added and employment effects of renewable energy and building renovation are found for regions or districts. However, redistribution effects between the wind-rich north and the sunny south are controversial.
Secondly, we analyze macroeconomic effects and allocation as well as distribution effects in a model-based quantification. Data will be made available by technically oriented bottom-up models as input variables. Application of the scenario technique yields differences of macroeconomic quantities between different scenarios, which are interpreted as macroeconomic effects. For the future on the one hand, the short-term goals play a central role by 2020. The annual monitoring reports lead to short-term fine-tuning and readjustment. On the other hand, the energy concept is a long-term project. Here is the year 2030 a key milestone.